Cairo: 18th October 2007

Press release
The issuance of FDHRD's report on 'Citizenship - Rights and Duties'

On Thursday, 18th October 2007, the Forum for Development and Human Rights Dialogue (FDHRD), is issuing its report named 'Citizenship - Rights and Duties'. This report contains 27 pages. The report approaches the definition of citizenship from political, and social prospective and it explains the citizenship's rights and duties in the lights of such definitions. Also, the report approaches the definition of public money, public utilities and services and the crimes related to public money and public utilities as well as it explains the stance of the Egyptian Penal Code in this regard. Moreover, it deals with why the Penal Code puts severe punishments for such crimes. Besides, it analyses and monitors crimes committed in relation to public money and public utilities in the period between 1st January 2007 and 30th July 2007.

In addition, this the report highlights in details the crimes monitored by FDHRD during the seven months from January 2007 till July 2007 as FDHRD monitored 93 cases as follows:
  • 22 cases of stealing and trafficking in monuments.
  • 16 cases of electric cables.
  • 20 cases of stealing railway bars and connections.
  • 13 cases of stealing telephone cables.
  • 12 cases of damaging public properties.
  • 1 case of embezzling money of public companies.
  • 2 cases of embezzling and steals schools.
  • 2 cases of embezzling and stealing building's materials of governmental projects.
  • 1 case of embezzling money of public companies.
  • 3 cases of cutting streets and damaging streets which led to the banning driving in such streets.
  • 2 cases of stealing worship houses.
At the end of the report, FDHRD had some observations which are:
1- 26.8% of the cases took place in Cairo:
The study monitored that 93 cases of stealing public money or public utilities or monuments took place in Cairo as it became at the first top of the cities where such crimes were committed. There are 25 crimes of these kinds committed in Cairo with the percentage of 26.8% of the total crimes committed. Afterwards, El Qalyoubiyia governorate came as the percentage of crimes committed there is 8.6% of the total crimes committed. Then, Giza governorate came at the third top as the percentage of crimes committed there is 7.5%.

1-Stealing and trafficking in monuments came at the first top of the crimes committed and then came the stealing of railways materials:
The study highlighted that the crimes of stealing monuments is one of the most crimes committed during the period of the study. The number of cases of trafficking in monuments monitored by the study is 22 cases with the percentage of 23.7%. Afterwards, the crimes of railways' materials came at the second top with the percentage of 21.3% of the total crimes committed during the period of the reports. Then, the crimes of stealing electric cables came at the third top with the percentage of 17% while the crimes of stealing telephones' cables at the fourth top as there were 13 crimes committed with the percentage of 14% of the total crimes committed during the period covered by the study.

3- Youth committed most of the crimes of stealing public money and public utilities. The study showed that 19% of the crimes committed during the period covered by the study were committed by young people who are under fourteen years old while two crimes only were committed by people who are under 18 years old with the percentage of 2.8%. It is observed that 31% of the crimes committed by young people whose ages range from 21 and 30 years old.

4- Unemployed people are those who committed most of the crimes: The study affirmed that 24% of those who committed the crimes were unemployed . It was observed that 12.9% of the perpetrators are of criminal records while 12.2% of the perpetrators are labourers.

Finally, the study recommended the followings:
1- Recommendations to Civil Society:
Civil society particularly NGOs and legal associations are interested in the citizens' cases. However, such interest is directed only to the legal parts and not the obligatory part which means the obligations of citizens. Therefore, the civil society has a big role in conveying to citizens the concept of citizenship with its two parts which are the legal part and the obligatory part

2- Recommendations to the Egyptian Government:
The Egyptian government has to put into consideration the results concluded by this study as the government shall not only deal with the crimes of stealing public money and public utilities as criminal crimes but also deal with them as incidents that show how the Egyptian citizens lack awareness on their rights and obligations . The lack of such awareness led to the spread of such crimes

3- Recommendations to the Ministry of Mass Communications:
The Ministry of Mass Communication shall submit an initiative of cooperation between it and the civil society associations in order to work together to raise the awareness of the Egyptian Citizens on the definition of citizens and their rights and obligations in the light of the recent constitutional amendments.
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